• Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Arthropoda
  • Subphylum: Crustacea
  • Class: Malacostraca
  • Subclass: Eumalacostraca
  • Superorder: Eucarida
  • Order: Decapoda
  • Suborder: Macrura Reptantia
  • Infraorder: Achelata
  • Family: Palinuridae
  • Scientific name: Palinurus elephas
  • Norwegian: europeisk langust


P. elaphas may reach a length of 60 cm, but more than 40 is rare. Adults are usually 25-30 cm. The carapace is reddish-brown with yellow spots evenly distributed along the body. The slightly compressed carapace is covered with forward pointing spines. The spiny antennae are usually longer than the body.


It is most frequent on depths between 3 and 40 meters. It is most frequent on rocky locations, but can be found as sandy or muddy locations as well, as long as there is a hideout in a crevice or under a stone, where it can stay during daytime. Under shelter of the dark it dares to take a walk in open landscape in hunt for food.


This species is registered in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, from the Mediterranean and the Azores to the the British Islands and southern Norway.